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How to install and set up Jenkins in Debian 11

In this Guide we are going to learn how to install and configure Jenkins in a Debian 11 Server.

Jenkins is a popular opensource automation tool to perform continuous integration and build automation. Jenkins allows to execute a predefined list of steps, e.g. to compile golang source code to build build binary file. The trigger for this execution can be time or event based.

Possible steps executed by Jenkins are for example:

Jenkins monitors the execution of the steps and allows to stop the process, if one of the steps fails. Jenkins can also send out notifications in case of a build success or failure.

Jenkins can be extended by additional plug-ins. For example, you can install plug-ins to support building and testing Android applications.

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Requirements

Table of content

  1. Ensuring that the system is up to date
  2. Install Java
  3. Install Jenkins
  4. Starting and enabling jenkins
  5. Accessing Jenkins
  6. Optional – Using an Ansible playbook

1. Ensuring that the system is up to date

Ensure that the system packages are up to date using this command:

sudo apt update
sudo apt -y upgrade

Next, let us install common packages that we will need in our tutorial

sudo apt install -y curl vim wget

2. Install Java

Jenkins requires Java 11 to run. Ensure that Java is installed in the right version before proceeding. If you get the error below, then we need to install java.

$ java -version
-bash: java: command not found

We will install the openjdk version of Java using the command below. You can always search using this command apt-cache search openjdk | grep 11 :

sudo apt install -y openjdk-11-jdk

Confirm that the right version was installed

$ java -version
openjdk version "11.0.13" 2021-10-19
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 11.0.13+8-post-Debian-1deb11u1)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 11.0.13+8-post-Debian-1deb11u1, mixed mode, sharing)

3. Install Jenkins

This is the Debian package repository of Jenkins to automate installation and upgrade. To use this repository, first add the key to your system:

wget -q -O - https://pkg.jenkins.io/debian-stable/jenkins.io.key | sudo apt-key add -

Then add a Jenkins apt repository entry:

sudo sh -c 'echo deb https://pkg.jenkins.io/debian-stable binary/ > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/jenkins.list'

Update your local package index, then finally install Jenkins:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install jenkins

Starting and enabling jenkins

Now that jenkins is installed, let us start it using this command:

sudo systemctl start jenkins

To display the status of the Jenkins service, enter the following:

$ sudo systemctl status jenkins
● jenkins.service - LSB: Jenkins Automation Server
   Loaded: loaded (/etc/rc.d/init.d/jenkins; generated)
   Active: active (running) since Wed 2021-11-24 06:23:59 EAT; 4s ago
     Docs: man:systemd-sysv-generator(8)
  Process: 64639 ExecStart=/etc/rc.d/init.d/jenkins start (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
    Tasks: 37 (limit: 23168)
   Memory: 241.4M
   CGroup: /system.slice/jenkins.service
           └─64645 /etc/alternatives/java -Djava.awt.headless=true -DJENKINS_HOME=/var/lib/jenkins ->

Nov 24 06:23:59 cloudsrv.citizix.com systemd[1]: Starting LSB: Jenkins Automation Server...
Nov 24 06:23:59 cloudsrv.citizix.com jenkins[64639]: Starting Jenkins [  OK  ]
Nov 24 06:23:59 cloudsrv.citizix.com systemd[1]: Started LSB: Jenkins Automation Server.

Please check to ensure that the status is active (running) to know that the installation was successful.

To enable Jenkins on boot, use this:

sudo systemctl enable jenkins

5. Accessing the jenkins server

Once installed, open browser and navigate to the jenkins on the url http://127.0.0.1:8080/. If you are running on a remote server, replace the ip 127.0.0.1 with that server’s ip.

You will be asked to provide an initial password found in this location /var/lib/jenkins/secrets/initialAdminPassword. Get it by running this command on the server.

sudo cat /var/lib/jenkins/secrets/initialAdminPassword
Citizix - Jenkins install unlock
Citizix – Jenkins install unlock

From here choose whether you want to install the recommended plugins or choose what you want to install.

Citizix - Cuztomize jenkins
Citizix – Cuztomize jenkins

The last page will allow you to set up some initial configuation for the user who will be using the jenkins server.

Citizix - Jenkins Create First Admin User
Citizix – Jenkins Create First Admin User

After that Ensure the correct URL is set in the last page of the instance configuration page. After this you will be redirected to the jenkins dashboard page.

From here you can use jenkins to create and build jobs.

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